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Presented by Fergus Green, Department of Government, London School of Economics and Political Science.

Behaviour aimed at limiting or reducing fossil fuels directly (“anti-fossil fuel behaviour”) generates a distinctive kind of politics — particularly with respect to the agential and ideational dimensionsof politics. In this paper, the authors take as the starting point the anti-fossil fuel behaviour of three kinds of agents in a specified domain and trace thedistinctive politics that are characteristically produced by each:

1.    Domestic civil societyactivists campaigning against new and existing fossil fuel targets(infrastructure, projects or companies);

2.    Domestic governmental actors (legislatures or executives) proposing laws to limit or reduce fossil fuelsupply or demand; and

3.    International actors (statesand relevant non-state actors) proposing international (“soft” or “hard”) initiatives to limit or reduce fossil fuel supply or demand.

Drawing on a combination of established theory and empirical evidence, they explain how this behaviour characteristicallyaffects (i) prevailing ideas and normsabout the legitimacy of fossil fuels and their exploitation, and (ii) theinterests, preferences, behaviour and/or resources of other agents (including firms and voters) withpotential to influence fossil fuel production or consumption. They hope todemonstrate that anti-fossil fuel behaviour is a highly politically attractive category of political action from the perspective of climate change mitigation.